Candida Auris : The Deadly ☠ Fungus

things we need to know before we start reading 🙂

  • CMR = Indian Council of Medical Research
  • US = United States
  • Fungus = Infection causing micro-organism
  • Immune system = System that protects the body against disease
  • Vulnerable = Exposed to the possibility of being attacked (चपेट में)
  • Emerge = become apparent or prominent (उभरना)
  • Isolated = separate (पृथक)

Fungal diseases are caused by variety of fungi, came from fungi kingdom which is very vast. Fungi are micro-organisms that live in soil, plants, trees, indoor surfaces and even in human skin. There are millions of different species of fungi but only a fraction make people sick.

ICMR has recently issued guidelines for Candida Auris, multi-drug resistant yeast, which was reported to cause invasive infections with high mortality. ICMR is aware of the numerous outbreaks of C. Auris reported globally and from India.

Candida Auris is a fungus that, when it gets into the bloodstream, it will mixed in blood & can cause dangerous infections that can be life-threatening. Scientists first identified it in 2009 in a patient in Japan. It’s origin is still unknown.

In recent years, it has emerged around the world, largely in hospitals and nursing homes. There have been 587 Candida Auris cases reported in the US & most of them has lost their life due to this infection.

It happens with those who has low immune system or to those who are consuming antibiotics in a excessive amount. Most of the fungal infections can be cured with anti-fungal medicines but C. auris can’t be cured after using any anti fungal infections. it can kill the person within 90 days. Elderly people and newborn are most vulnerable than the young ones.

It’s diagnosis is quite difficult because it’s symptoms are similar to fever.

Spreads with physical touch and will start infecting the body thereafter.

Precautions: Once the patient is diagnosed with having C Auris, the healthcare facilities should place the patient in a separate room as soon as possible. keep the person in an isolated environment.Wounds should be bandaged to prevent any fluids from seeping out and infecting others.

Virus

Just to know information about Virus : Viruses are known to infect almost any kind of host that has living cells. Animals, plants, fungi and bacteria are all subject to viral infection.

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Julian Assange in brief

Disclaimer : The aim of the site is to provide short details to it’s reader cum viewer. Here is no personal things are being revealed. source internet. Languages used Hindi & English. Thank you!

Things we need to know before we start:

  • Equator = भूमध्य रेखा
  • Straddling = दोनों ओर फैली हुई
  • Coast = समुद्र तट
  • Conspiracy = षड्यंत्र
  • Liberals = उदारवादी (Someone who believes people should have a lot of freedom in deciding how to behave and think कोई ऐसा जो आजादी से खुलकर सोचने और बर्ताव करने में विश्वास करता है)
  • Asylum = इजाजत मांगकर शरण मे रहना
  • Extradite = सौंपना (भागे हुए विदेशी अपराधी को योग्य अधिकारी के हाथ मैं सौंपना)
  • Interfere in internal matters = आंतरिक मुद्दों में दखल
  • President of Ecuador is Mr. Lenin Moreno. लेनिन मोरेनो इक्वेडोर के राष्ट्रपति है |

Ecuador’s Flag

Ecuador is a country straddling the equator on South America’s West Coast. इक्वाडोर एक देश है जो दक्षिण अमेरिका के पश्चिमी तट पर भूमध्य रेखा से दूर है!

A question before we start: Is revealing someone’s bad work is also bad ? किसी के द्वारा गलत किये जाने वाले काम को उजागर किया जाना भी क्या गलत है ?

Julian Assange was a computer programmer cum hacker. Julian Assange is in news since 2010. Julian hacked USA government computers and revealed some secrets of US military on his own site Wiki Leaks which was visible to public. He was also allegedly probed by two women in 2012 in case of sexual assaulting. He has denied for sexually assaulting.

जूलियन असांज एक कंप्यूटर प्रोग्रामर एवं हैकर है| जूलियन असांज 2010 के आसपास सुर्खियों में आए इनके द्वारा बहुत सी लीग और क्लासिफाइड गवर्नमेंट न्यूज़ को उनकी खुदकी वेबसाइट विकि लीक्स द्वारा पब्लिक में डिस्ट्रीब्यूट( या पब्लिश ) किया गया | 2012 में दो महिलाओं द्वारा जूलियन असांज पर शारीरक शोषण का आरोप लगा |उन्होंने शारीरिक शोषण किये जाने की बात को अस्वीकार किया है|

He leaked videos on his own website Wiki Leaks some of them are also available on YouTube: ( उन्होंने कुछ वीडियोस अपनी खुदकी वेबसाइट विकि लीक्स पर जारी की उनमे से कुछ यूट्यूब पर भी उपलब्ध है )

  • Collateral Murder (संपार्श्विक हत्या)
  • Afghanistan War Logs
  • Iraq War Logs
  • Cable Gate

Ecuador was unhappy with USA at that time and for that reason they gave asylum which was Ecuador Embassy. After 7 years the relation between Julian and the President started getting imbalanced and they removed Julian from embassy. Ecuador president probed that Julian has interfered in internal affairs. Ecuador assembly officials invited UK Government officials and then the UK officials entered and arrested Julian Assange. Now UK Government will decide whether to send him Sweden(where he has probed for sexual assault) or to USA (where he probed for conspiracy).

इक्वेडोर USA से नाखुश था जिसके चलते उसने 7 सालो तक जूलियन असांज को इक्वेडोर की एम्बेसी में शरण दी | 7 साल बाद इक्वेडोर के राष्ट्रपति के साथ जूलियन के सम्बंध खराब हो गए और इक्वेडोर ने जूलियन को अपनी शरण से हटा दिया |
इक्वेडोर के राष्ट्रपति ने जूलियन पर आरोप लगाया कि जूलियन असांज ने आंतरिक मुद्दों में दखल दिया
इक्वेडोर के असेंबली ऑफिशियल ने इनवाइट किया UK government के officials को
और इसके बाद UK के officials प्रवेश कर गए असेंबली के अंदर जूलियन को गिरफ्तार करने
UK की सरकार अब यह तय करेगी कि इन्हें स्वीडन भेजा जाए (जहाँ इन पर शारीरिक शोषण का आरोप लगा है!) या USA भेजा जाए (जहाँ इन पर षड्यंत्र का आरोप लगा है)|

What do you think if you were/are a liberal ? Julian did right or wrong ? share your thought ! आप एक उदारवादी के तौर पर क्या सोचते है ? जूलियन ने सही किया या गलत ? आपके विचार साझा कीजिये !

Thank you for reading!

share your thought on knowithvaibhav.info@gmail.com

source of the information: Internet जानकारी का स्रोत : इंटरनेट

2 May 2019

Ganga

4 things we need to know before start reading the article:

  • 1 Million = 10 Lakh
  • NEERI = National Environmet Engineering Research Institute (in Nagpur)
  • Pathogens = रोगज़नक़ (Disease causing bacteria)
  • Bacteriophage or Phage = जीवाणुभोजी (Bacteriophage is a kind of bacteria that kills bacteria.)

Unique properties of Ganga
It is also unfurled that Ganga has self heeling property by which it kills bacteria automatically. Ganga has more bacteriophage at Himalayan stretches as compared to other rivers. There are 1000+ kind of bacteriophage in Ganga.

Samples of Yamuna and Narmada water also taken but micro-phages were present in more number in Ganga only.

The Nagpur based NEERI was tasked for assessing the water quality.

Radio-logical, Microbiological and Biological parameters were assessed.

Five pathogenic species of bacteria i.e. shigella , vibrio , salmonella , Enterobector , Escherichia. There numbers were compared with the bacteriophage present in the river water.

Use of bacteriophage is in

  • Phage therapy or viral phage therapy
  • Dentistry
  • Human medicines
  • Veterinary science
  • Agriculture.

Bacteriophage are much more specific(विशिष्ट) than antibiotics.


1st May 2019

China’s Belt & Road Initiating (BRI) project.

China is working Same as East India Company did. China gives debt to small countries. The countries which gets debt are USA, allies(सहयोगी दलों) of USA & India.

Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Maldives took debt under BRI project to develop infrastructure. The infrastructure was not viable(व्यवहार्य) i.e. it was unable to generate revenue(राजस्व). The countries were unable to pay the debt so they again took debt from china to clear the interest.

Hambantota port of Sri Lanka, for which SL took debt from china but it did not generate revenue so SL again took loan from china and gave the port on lease(पट्टा) to china.

The above shown article shows that if interference of other countries increases, it can lead in manipulation of economy.

In April 2018 European Union Ambassadors to Beijing issued a statement saying the BRI ran “counter” to the agenda(कार्यसूची) for liberalizing(उदारीकरण) trade and pushed the balance of power in favor of subsidized Chinese companies.

At BRI’s second conference(सम्मेलन) president Mr. Xi Jinping commited(प्रतिबद्ध) that transparency & sustainability(पारदर्शिता और स्थिरता) will be given in BRI project.

A conference 17+1 summit (i.e. Central and Eastern European countries + China) was created.

India denied to join BRI project with these two reasons: 1) related to Transparency 2) It revolves our sovereignty(हमारी संप्रभुता की परिक्रमा) because an arm, which is China Pak economy corridor passes through PoK (Pak occupied Kashmir) and we have some concerns their.

Telangana +2 exam Result

An activity to digitalis the marks and result, the responsibility was given to a private company of Telangana because maintaining all the records in a paper was not enough and easy to upload in a computer.

The company created a software which led to a blunder of showing incorrect result of every student who gave exams. A student got 99 marks while the software published result shows 0 marks, because of the same mistake 21 student attempted suicide.

CM K Chandrashekhar Rao has ordered free revarification of the papers.